Canada Us Acid Rain Agreement

In the 1980s, acid rain was a major environmental concern for both Canada and the United States. Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the atmosphere to form acids that fall back to the earth as rain, snow, or other forms of precipitation. These acids can cause serious damage to forests, lakes, and other natural resources, and can have negative effects on human health.

In response to this issue, the two countries signed the Canada-US Acid Rain Agreement in 1991. This historic agreement aimed to reduce the amount of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions that were being released into the atmosphere, and to mitigate the effects of acid rain on the environment.

Under the terms of the agreement, the United States agreed to reduce its sulfur dioxide emissions by 50% and its nitrogen oxide emissions by 2 million tons per year. Canada, in turn, agreed to monitor the deposition of acid rain on its territory and to report on levels and impacts of acid rain. The agreement also created a Joint Air Quality Committee to oversee the implementation of the agreement and to review progress regularly.

Over the years, the Canada-US Acid Rain Agreement has been largely successful in achieving its goals. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions in both countries have been significantly reduced, resulting in a decrease in acid rain and a corresponding improvement in the health of forests, lakes, and other natural resources. In fact, according to the Canadian government, the agreement has reduced acid rain levels in eastern Canada by 40%.

However, there are still challenges that need to be addressed. For example, while emissions have decreased overall, certain areas still experience high levels of acid rain due to local industrial activities. Additionally, climate change can exacerbate the effects of acid rain, making it more difficult to control.

Overall, the Canada-US Acid Rain Agreement serves as a positive example of international cooperation to address environmental issues. By working together, the two countries were able to significantly reduce the amount of acid rain and protect the natural resources that are essential to our planet`s health. While there is still work to be done, this agreement remains an important milestone in the fight against environmental degradation.

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